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Assessment of Total Evacuation Systems for Tall Buildings

SKU: EVACUATION Categories: , ,

Author: ENRICO RONCHI & DANIEL NILSSON
Format: SOFT (Softcover)
Publication Date: 2014

$63.25

Subscriber Price: $54.99

Description

This Springer Brief focuses on the use of egress models to assess the optimal strategy for total evacuation in high-rise buildings. It investigates occupant relocation and evacuation strategies involving the exit stairs, elevators, sky bridges and combinations thereof.

Chapters review existing information on this topic and describe case study simulations of a multi-component exit strategy. This review provides the architectural design, regulatory and research communities with a thorough understanding of the current and emerging evacuation procedures and possible future options.

Chapters review existing information on this topic and describe case study simulations of a multi-component exit strategy. This review provides the architectural design, regulatory and research communities with a thorough understanding of the current and emerging evacuation procedures and possible future options.

A model case study simulates seven possible strategies for the total evacuation of two identical twin towers linked with two sky-bridges at different heights. The authors present the layout of the building and the available egress components including both vertical and horizontal egress components, namely stairs, occupant evacuation elevators (OEEs), service elevators, transfer floors and sky-bridges. The evacuation strategies employ a continuous spatial representation evacuation model (Pathfinder) and are cross-validated by a fine network model (STEPS).

Assessment of Total Evacuation Systems for Tall Buildings is intended for practitioners as a tool for analyzing evacuation methods and efficient exit strategies. Researchers working in architecture and fire safety will also find the book valuable.

Softcover | 51 Pages | 1 lb.

Author Bio

Enrico Ronchi has collaborated in several research projects with International institutions such as the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Fire Protection Research Foundation of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), University of Wrzburg, University of Cantabria, etc. Enrico has authored more than 70 publications in the field of evacuation modeling and fire safety science. He is a member of the editorial board of the journal Fire Technology published by Springer in conjunction with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and the Society of Fire Protection Engineers (SFPE). Enrico is a peer-reviewer for more than ten International journals in the field of fire safety, modeling and simulation, applied mathematics and ergonomics. Furthermore, Enrico is the leader of a task group of the International Standards Organization (ISO) on the validation of evacuation models. He also co-run www.Evacmod.net, an international portal on evacuation modeling.

Daniel Nilsson is an Associate Professor at the Department of Fire Safety Engineering, Lund University in Sweden. He has been involved in research about evacuation and human behavior in fire since 2002, and received his Ph.D. in Fire Safety Engineering from Lund University in 2009. Daniel's research has focused on the use of way-finding systems for evacuation, e.g., flashing lights at emergency exits, but also on the effectiveness of different information system, e.g., voice alarms and information signs. He has recently also conducted research on people monitoring system in smart buildings. Most of Daniel's studies have involved evacuation experiments.

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